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Como você faz o acoplamento do AppBar (para exibir o Edge, como o WinAmp) no WPF?

Existe alguma orientação completa sobre como atracar o AppBar (como bloquear a borda da tela) no WPF? Entendo que há chamadas da InterOp que precisam ser feitas, mas estou procurando uma prova de conceito baseada em um formulário WPF simples ou uma versão componente que possa ser consumida.

Recursos relacionados:

59
paulwhit

Observe: Esta pergunta reuniu uma boa quantidade de feedback, e algumas pessoas abaixo fizeram ótimos pontos ou correções. Portanto, enquanto eu vou manter o código aqui (e possivelmente atualizá-lo), também criei um projeto WpfAppBar no github Sinta-se livre para enviar solicitações pull.

Esse mesmo projeto também cria um pacote de nuget WpfAppBar


Peguei o código do primeiro link fornecido na pergunta ( http://www.codeproject.com/KB/dotnet/AppBar.aspx ) e modifiquei-o para fazer duas coisas:

  1. Trabalhar com WPF
  2. Seja "autônomo" - se você colocar esse arquivo único em seu projeto, poderá chamar AppBarFunctions.SetAppBar (...) sem nenhuma modificação adicional na janela.

Essa abordagem não cria uma classe base.

Para usar, basta chamar esse código de qualquer lugar dentro de uma janela wpf normal (digamos um clique no botão ou na inicialização). Observe que você não pode chamar isso até APÓS a janela ser inicializada; se o HWND ainda não tiver sido criado (como no construtor), ocorrerá um erro.

Torne a janela uma barra de aplicativos:

AppBarFunctions.SetAppBar( this, ABEdge.Right );

Restaure a janela para uma janela normal:

AppBarFunctions.SetAppBar( this, ABEdge.None );

Aqui está o código completo do arquivo - note que você deseja alterar o espaço para nome na linha 7 para algo apropriado.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Interop;
using System.Windows.Threading;

namespace AppBarApplication
{    
    public enum ABEdge : int
    {
        Left = 0,
        Top,
        Right,
        Bottom,
        None
    }

    internal static class AppBarFunctions
    {
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct RECT
        {
            public int left;
            public int top;
            public int right;
            public int bottom;
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct APPBARDATA
        {
            public int cbSize;
            public IntPtr hWnd;
            public int uCallbackMessage;
            public int uEdge;
            public RECT rc;
            public IntPtr lParam;
        }

        private enum ABMsg : int
        {
            ABM_NEW = 0,
            ABM_REMOVE,
            ABM_QUERYPOS,
            ABM_SETPOS,
            ABM_GETSTATE,
            ABM_GETTASKBARPOS,
            ABM_ACTIVATE,
            ABM_GETAUTOHIDEBAR,
            ABM_SETAUTOHIDEBAR,
            ABM_WINDOWPOSCHANGED,
            ABM_SETSTATE
        }
        private enum ABNotify : int
        {
            ABN_STATECHANGE = 0,
            ABN_POSCHANGED,
            ABN_FULLSCREENAPP,
            ABN_WINDOWARRANGE
        }

        [DllImport("Shell32", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)]
        private static extern uint SHAppBarMessage(int dwMessage, ref APPBARDATA pData);

        [DllImport("User32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern int RegisterWindowMessage(string msg);

        private class RegisterInfo
        {
            public int CallbackId { get; set; }
            public bool IsRegistered { get; set; }
            public Window Window { get; set; }
            public ABEdge Edge { get; set; }
            public WindowStyle OriginalStyle { get; set; }            
            public Point OriginalPosition { get; set; }
            public Size OriginalSize { get; set; }
            public ResizeMode OriginalResizeMode { get; set; }


            public IntPtr WndProc(IntPtr hwnd, int msg, IntPtr wParam, 
                                    IntPtr lParam, ref bool handled)
            {
                if (msg == CallbackId)
                {
                    if (wParam.ToInt32() == (int)ABNotify.ABN_POSCHANGED)
                    {
                        ABSetPos(Edge, Window);
                        handled = true;
                    }
                }
                return IntPtr.Zero;
            }

        }
        private static Dictionary<Window, RegisterInfo> s_RegisteredWindowInfo 
            = new Dictionary<Window, RegisterInfo>();
        private static RegisterInfo GetRegisterInfo(Window appbarWindow)
        {
            RegisterInfo reg;
            if( s_RegisteredWindowInfo.ContainsKey(appbarWindow))
            {
                reg = s_RegisteredWindowInfo[appbarWindow];
            }
            else
            {
                reg = new RegisterInfo()
                    {
                        CallbackId = 0,
                        Window = appbarWindow,
                        IsRegistered = false,
                        Edge = ABEdge.Top,
                        OriginalStyle = appbarWindow.WindowStyle,                        
                        OriginalPosition =new Point( appbarWindow.Left, appbarWindow.Top),
                        OriginalSize = 
                            new Size( appbarWindow.ActualWidth, appbarWindow.ActualHeight),
                        OriginalResizeMode = appbarWindow.ResizeMode,
                    };
                s_RegisteredWindowInfo.Add(appbarWindow, reg);
            }
            return reg;
        }

        private static void RestoreWindow(Window appbarWindow)
        {
            RegisterInfo info = GetRegisterInfo(appbarWindow);

            appbarWindow.WindowStyle = info.OriginalStyle;            
            appbarWindow.ResizeMode = info.OriginalResizeMode;
            appbarWindow.Topmost = false;

            Rect rect = new Rect(info.OriginalPosition.X, info.OriginalPosition.Y, 
                info.OriginalSize.Width, info.OriginalSize.Height);
            appbarWindow.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(DispatcherPriority.ApplicationIdle,
                    new ResizeDelegate(DoResize), appbarWindow, rect);

        }

        public static void SetAppBar(Window appbarWindow, ABEdge Edge)
        {
            RegisterInfo info = GetRegisterInfo(appbarWindow);
            info.Edge = Edge;

            APPBARDATA abd = new APPBARDATA();
            abd.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(abd);
            abd.hWnd = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;

            if( Edge == ABEdge.None)
            {
                if( info.IsRegistered)
                {
                    SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_REMOVE, ref abd);
                    info.IsRegistered = false;
                }
                RestoreWindow(appbarWindow);
                return;
            }

            if (!info.IsRegistered)
            {
                info.IsRegistered = true; 
                info.CallbackId = RegisterWindowMessage("AppBarMessage");
                abd.uCallbackMessage = info.CallbackId;

                uint ret = SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_NEW, ref abd);

                HwndSource source = HwndSource.FromHwnd(abd.hWnd);
                source.AddHook(new HwndSourceHook(info.WndProc));
            }

            appbarWindow.WindowStyle = WindowStyle.None;            
            appbarWindow.ResizeMode = ResizeMode.NoResize;
            appbarWindow.Topmost = true;

            ABSetPos(info.Edge, appbarWindow);                
        }

        private delegate void ResizeDelegate(Window appbarWindow, Rect rect);
        private static void DoResize(Window appbarWindow, Rect rect)
        {
            appbarWindow.Width = rect.Width;
            appbarWindow.Height = rect.Height;
            appbarWindow.Top = rect.Top;
            appbarWindow.Left = rect.Left;
        }



        private static void ABSetPos(ABEdge Edge, Window appbarWindow)
        {
            APPBARDATA barData = new APPBARDATA();
            barData.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(barData);
            barData.hWnd = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;
            barData.uEdge = (int)Edge;

            if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Left || barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Right)
            {
                barData.rc.top = 0;
                barData.rc.bottom = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenHeight;
                if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Left)
                {
                    barData.rc.left = 0;
                    barData.rc.right = (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth);
                }
                else
                {
                    barData.rc.right = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenWidth;
                    barData.rc.left = barData.rc.right - (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                barData.rc.left = 0;
                barData.rc.right = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenWidth;
                if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Top)
                {
                    barData.rc.top = 0;
                    barData.rc.bottom = (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);
                }
                else
                {
                    barData.rc.bottom = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenHeight;
                    barData.rc.top = barData.rc.bottom - (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);
                }
            }

            SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_QUERYPOS, ref barData);
            SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_SETPOS, ref barData);

            Rect rect = new Rect((double)barData.rc.left, (double)barData.rc.top, 
                (double)(barData.rc.right - barData.rc.left), (double)(barData.rc.bottom - barData.rc.top));
            //This is done async, because WPF will send a resize after a new appbar is added.  
            //if we size right away, WPFs resize comes last and overrides us.
            appbarWindow.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(DispatcherPriority.ApplicationIdle, 
                new ResizeDelegate(DoResize), appbarWindow, rect);
        }
    }
}
87
Philip Rieck

Desculpe pelo meu inglês ... Aqui está a solução do Philip Rieck com algumas correções. Funciona corretamente com as alterações de posição e tamanho da barra de tarefas.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Interop;
using System.Windows.Threading;

namespace wpf_appbar
{
    public enum ABEdge : int
    {
        Left,
        Top,
        Right,
        Bottom,
        None
    }

    internal static class AppBarFunctions
    {
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct RECT
        {
            public int Left;
            public int Top;
            public int Right;
            public int Bottom;
            public RECT(Rect r)
            {
                Left = (int)r.Left;
                Right = (int)r.Right;
                Top = (int)r.Top;
                Bottom = (int)r.Bottom;
            }
            public static bool operator ==(RECT r1, RECT r2)
            {
                return r1.Bottom == r2.Bottom && r1.Left == r2.Left && r1.Right == r2.Right && r1.Top == r2.Top;
            }
            public static bool operator !=(RECT r1, RECT r2)
            {
                return !(r1 == r2);
            }
            public override bool Equals(object obj)
            {
                return base.Equals(obj);
            }
            public override int GetHashCode()
            {
                return base.GetHashCode();
            }
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct APPBARDATA
        {
            public int cbSize;
            public IntPtr hWnd;
            public int uCallbackMessage;
            public int uEdge;
            public RECT rc;
            public IntPtr lParam;
        }

        private enum ABMsg : int
        {
            ABM_NEW = 0,
            ABM_REMOVE,
            ABM_QUERYPOS,
            ABM_SETPOS,
            ABM_GETSTATE,
            ABM_GETTASKBARPOS,
            ABM_ACTIVATE,
            ABM_GETAUTOHIDEBAR,
            ABM_SETAUTOHIDEBAR,
            ABM_WINDOWPOSCHANGED,
            ABM_SETSTATE
        }
        private enum ABNotify : int
        {
            ABN_STATECHANGE = 0,
            ABN_POSCHANGED,
            ABN_FULLSCREENAPP,
            ABN_WINDOWARRANGE
        }

        private enum TaskBarPosition : int
        {
            Left,
            Top,
            Right,
            Bottom
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        class TaskBar
        {
            public TaskBarPosition Position;
            public TaskBarPosition PreviousPosition;
            public RECT Rectangle;
            public RECT PreviousRectangle;
            public int Width;
            public int PreviousWidth;
            public int Height;
            public int PreviousHeight;
            public TaskBar()
            {
                Refresh();
            }
            public void Refresh()
            {
                APPBARDATA msgData = new APPBARDATA();
                msgData.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(msgData);
                SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_GETTASKBARPOS, ref msgData);
                PreviousPosition = Position;
                PreviousRectangle = Rectangle;
                PreviousHeight = Height;
                PreviousWidth = Width;
                Rectangle = msgData.rc;
                Width = Rectangle.Right - Rectangle.Left;
                Height = Rectangle.Bottom - Rectangle.Top;
                int h = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenHeight;
                int w = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenWidth;
                if (Rectangle.Bottom == h && Rectangle.Top != 0) Position = TaskBarPosition.Bottom;
                else if (Rectangle.Top == 0 && Rectangle.Bottom != h) Position = TaskBarPosition.Top;
                else if (Rectangle.Right == w && Rectangle.Left != 0) Position = TaskBarPosition.Right;
                else if (Rectangle.Left == 0 && Rectangle.Right != w) Position = TaskBarPosition.Left;
            }
        }

        [DllImport("Shell32", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)]
        private static extern uint SHAppBarMessage(int dwMessage, ref APPBARDATA pData);

        [DllImport("User32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern int RegisterWindowMessage(string msg);

        private class RegisterInfo
        {
            public int CallbackId { get; set; }
            public bool IsRegistered { get; set; }
            public Window Window { get; set; }
            public ABEdge Edge { get; set; }
            public ABEdge PreviousEdge { get; set; }
            public WindowStyle OriginalStyle { get; set; }
            public Point OriginalPosition { get; set; }
            public Size OriginalSize { get; set; }
            public ResizeMode OriginalResizeMode { get; set; }


            public IntPtr WndProc(IntPtr hwnd, int msg, IntPtr wParam,
                                    IntPtr lParam, ref bool handled)
            {
                if (msg == CallbackId)
                {
                    if (wParam.ToInt32() == (int)ABNotify.ABN_POSCHANGED)
                    {
                        PreviousEdge = Edge;
                        ABSetPos(Edge, PreviousEdge, Window);
                        handled = true;
                    }
                }
                return IntPtr.Zero;
            }

        }
        private static Dictionary<Window, RegisterInfo> s_RegisteredWindowInfo
            = new Dictionary<Window, RegisterInfo>();
        private static RegisterInfo GetRegisterInfo(Window appbarWindow)
        {
            RegisterInfo reg;
            if (s_RegisteredWindowInfo.ContainsKey(appbarWindow))
            {
                reg = s_RegisteredWindowInfo[appbarWindow];
            }
            else
            {
                reg = new RegisterInfo()
                {
                    CallbackId = 0,
                    Window = appbarWindow,
                    IsRegistered = false,
                    Edge = ABEdge.None,
                    PreviousEdge = ABEdge.None,
                    OriginalStyle = appbarWindow.WindowStyle,
                    OriginalPosition = new Point(appbarWindow.Left, appbarWindow.Top),
                    OriginalSize =
                        new Size(appbarWindow.ActualWidth, appbarWindow.ActualHeight),
                    OriginalResizeMode = appbarWindow.ResizeMode,
                };
                s_RegisteredWindowInfo.Add(appbarWindow, reg);
            }
            return reg;
        }

        private static void RestoreWindow(Window appbarWindow)
        {
            RegisterInfo info = GetRegisterInfo(appbarWindow);

            appbarWindow.WindowStyle = info.OriginalStyle;
            appbarWindow.ResizeMode = info.OriginalResizeMode;
            appbarWindow.Topmost = false;

            Rect rect = new Rect(info.OriginalPosition.X, info.OriginalPosition.Y,
                info.OriginalSize.Width, info.OriginalSize.Height);
            appbarWindow.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(DispatcherPriority.ApplicationIdle,
                    new ResizeDelegate(DoResize), appbarWindow, rect);

        }


        public static void SetAppBar(Window appbarWindow, ABEdge Edge)
        {
            RegisterInfo info = GetRegisterInfo(appbarWindow);
            info.Edge = Edge;

            APPBARDATA abd = new APPBARDATA();
            abd.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(abd);
            abd.hWnd = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;

            if (Edge == ABEdge.None)
            {
                if (info.IsRegistered)
                {
                    SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_REMOVE, ref abd);
                    info.IsRegistered = false;
                }
                RestoreWindow(appbarWindow);
                info.PreviousEdge = info.Edge;
                return;
            }

            if (!info.IsRegistered)
            {
                info.IsRegistered = true;
                info.CallbackId = RegisterWindowMessage("AppBarMessage");
                abd.uCallbackMessage = info.CallbackId;

                uint ret = SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_NEW, ref abd);

                HwndSource source = HwndSource.FromHwnd(abd.hWnd);
                source.AddHook(new HwndSourceHook(info.WndProc));
            }

            appbarWindow.WindowStyle = WindowStyle.None;
            appbarWindow.ResizeMode = ResizeMode.NoResize;
            appbarWindow.Topmost = true;

            ABSetPos(info.Edge, info.PreviousEdge, appbarWindow);
        }

        private delegate void ResizeDelegate(Window appbarWindow, Rect rect);
        private static void DoResize(Window appbarWindow, Rect rect)
        {
            appbarWindow.Width = rect.Width;
            appbarWindow.Height = rect.Height;
            appbarWindow.Top = rect.Top;
            appbarWindow.Left = rect.Left;
        }

        static TaskBar tb = new TaskBar();

        private static void ABSetPos(ABEdge Edge, ABEdge prevEdge, Window appbarWindow)
        {
            APPBARDATA barData = new APPBARDATA();
            barData.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(barData);
            barData.hWnd = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;
            barData.uEdge = (int)Edge;
            RECT wa = new RECT(SystemParameters.WorkArea);
            tb.Refresh();
            switch (Edge)
            {
                case ABEdge.Top:
                    barData.rc.Left = wa.Left - (prevEdge == ABEdge.Left ? (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth) : 0);
                    barData.rc.Right = wa.Right + (prevEdge == ABEdge.Right ? (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth) : 0);
                    barData.rc.Top = wa.Top - (prevEdge == ABEdge.Top ? (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight) : 0) - ((tb.Position != TaskBarPosition.Top && tb.PreviousPosition == TaskBarPosition.Top) ? tb.Height : 0) + ((tb.Position == TaskBarPosition.Top && tb.PreviousPosition != TaskBarPosition.Top) ? tb.Height : 0);
                    barData.rc.Bottom = barData.rc.Top + (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);
                    break;
                case ABEdge.Bottom:
                    barData.rc.Left = wa.Left - (prevEdge == ABEdge.Left ? (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth) : 0);
                    barData.rc.Right = wa.Right + (prevEdge == ABEdge.Right ? (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth) : 0);
                    barData.rc.Bottom = wa.Bottom + (prevEdge == ABEdge.Bottom ? (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight) : 0) - 1 + ((tb.Position != TaskBarPosition.Bottom && tb.PreviousPosition == TaskBarPosition.Bottom) ? tb.Height : 0) - ((tb.Position == TaskBarPosition.Bottom && tb.PreviousPosition != TaskBarPosition.Bottom) ? tb.Height : 0);
                    barData.rc.Top = barData.rc.Bottom - (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);
                    break;
            }

            SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_QUERYPOS, ref barData);
            switch (barData.uEdge)
            {
                case (int)ABEdge.Bottom:
                    if (tb.Position == TaskBarPosition.Bottom && tb.PreviousPosition == tb.Position)
                    {
                        barData.rc.Top += (tb.PreviousHeight - tb.Height);
                        barData.rc.Bottom = barData.rc.Top + (int)appbarWindow.ActualHeight;
                    }
                    break;
                case (int)ABEdge.Top:
                    if (tb.Position == TaskBarPosition.Top && tb.PreviousPosition == tb.Position)
                    {
                        if (tb.PreviousHeight - tb.Height > 0) barData.rc.Top -= (tb.PreviousHeight - tb.Height);
                        barData.rc.Bottom = barData.rc.Top + (int)appbarWindow.ActualHeight;
                    }
                    break;
            }
            SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_SETPOS, ref barData);

            Rect rect = new Rect((double)barData.rc.Left, (double)barData.rc.Top, (double)(barData.rc.Right - barData.rc.Left), (double)(barData.rc.Bottom - barData.rc.Top));
            appbarWindow.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(new ResizeDelegate(DoResize), DispatcherPriority.ApplicationIdle, appbarWindow, rect);
        }
    }
}

O mesmo código que você pode escrever para as bordas esquerda e direita. Bom trabalho, Philip Rieck, obrigado!

4
Dmitry Andreev

Modifiquei o código de Philip Rieck (btw. Muito obrigado) para trabalhar em várias configurações de exibição. Aqui está a minha solução.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Interop;
using System.Windows.Threading;

namespace AppBarApplication
{
    public enum ABEdge : int
    {
        Left = 0,
        Top,
        Right,
        Bottom,
        None
    }

    internal static class AppBarFunctions
    {
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct RECT
        {
            public int left;
            public int top;
            public int right;
            public int bottom;
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct APPBARDATA
        {
            public int cbSize;
            public IntPtr hWnd;
            public int uCallbackMessage;
            public int uEdge;
            public RECT rc;
            public IntPtr lParam;
        }

        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        private struct MONITORINFO
        {
          public int cbSize;
          public RECT  rcMonitor;
          public RECT  rcWork;
          public int dwFlags;
        }

        private enum ABMsg : int
        {
            ABM_NEW = 0,
            ABM_REMOVE,
            ABM_QUERYPOS,
            ABM_SETPOS,
            ABM_GETSTATE,
            ABM_GETTASKBARPOS,
            ABM_ACTIVATE,
            ABM_GETAUTOHIDEBAR,
            ABM_SETAUTOHIDEBAR,
            ABM_WINDOWPOSCHANGED,
            ABM_SETSTATE
        }
        private enum ABNotify : int
        {
            ABN_STATECHANGE = 0,
            ABN_POSCHANGED,
            ABN_FULLSCREENAPP,
            ABN_WINDOWARRANGE
        }

        [DllImport("Shell32", CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)]
        private static extern uint SHAppBarMessage(int dwMessage, ref APPBARDATA pData);

        [DllImport("User32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern int RegisterWindowMessage(string msg);

        [DllImport("User32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern IntPtr MonitorFromWindow(IntPtr hwnd, uint dwFlags);

        [DllImport("User32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
        private static extern bool GetMonitorInfo(IntPtr hMonitor, ref MONITORINFO mi);


        private const int MONITOR_DEFAULTTONEAREST = 0x2;
        private const int MONITORINFOF_PRIMARY = 0x1;

        private class RegisterInfo
        {
            public int CallbackId { get; set; }
            public bool IsRegistered { get; set; }
            public Window Window { get; set; }
            public ABEdge Edge { get; set; }
            public WindowStyle OriginalStyle { get; set; }
            public Point OriginalPosition { get; set; }
            public Size OriginalSize { get; set; }
            public ResizeMode OriginalResizeMode { get; set; }


            public IntPtr WndProc(IntPtr hwnd, int msg, IntPtr wParam,
                                    IntPtr lParam, ref bool handled)
            {
                if (msg == CallbackId)
                {
                    if (wParam.ToInt32() == (int)ABNotify.ABN_POSCHANGED)
                    {
                        ABSetPos(Edge, Window);
                        handled = true;
                    }
                }
                return IntPtr.Zero;
            }

        }
        private static Dictionary<Window, RegisterInfo> s_RegisteredWindowInfo
            = new Dictionary<Window, RegisterInfo>();
        private static RegisterInfo GetRegisterInfo(Window appbarWindow)
        {
            RegisterInfo reg;
            if (s_RegisteredWindowInfo.ContainsKey(appbarWindow))
            {
                reg = s_RegisteredWindowInfo[appbarWindow];
            }
            else
            {
                reg = new RegisterInfo()
                {
                    CallbackId = 0,
                    Window = appbarWindow,
                    IsRegistered = false,
                    Edge = ABEdge.Top,
                    OriginalStyle = appbarWindow.WindowStyle,
                    OriginalPosition = new Point(appbarWindow.Left, appbarWindow.Top),
                    OriginalSize =
                        new Size(appbarWindow.ActualWidth, appbarWindow.ActualHeight),
                    OriginalResizeMode = appbarWindow.ResizeMode,
                };
                s_RegisteredWindowInfo.Add(appbarWindow, reg);
            }
            return reg;
        }

        private static void RestoreWindow(Window appbarWindow)
        {
            RegisterInfo info = GetRegisterInfo(appbarWindow);

            appbarWindow.WindowStyle = info.OriginalStyle;
            appbarWindow.ResizeMode = info.OriginalResizeMode;
            appbarWindow.Topmost = false;

            Rect rect = new Rect(info.OriginalPosition.X, info.OriginalPosition.Y,
                info.OriginalSize.Width, info.OriginalSize.Height);
            appbarWindow.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(DispatcherPriority.ApplicationIdle,
                    new ResizeDelegate(DoResize), appbarWindow, rect);

        }

        public static void SetAppBar(Window appbarWindow, ABEdge Edge)
        {
            RegisterInfo info = GetRegisterInfo(appbarWindow);

            info.Edge = Edge;

            APPBARDATA abd = new APPBARDATA();
            abd.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(abd);
            abd.hWnd = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;

            if (Edge == ABEdge.None)
            {
                if (info.IsRegistered)
                {
                    SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_REMOVE, ref abd);
                    info.IsRegistered = false;
                }
                RestoreWindow(appbarWindow);
                return;
            }

            if (!info.IsRegistered)
            {
                info.IsRegistered = true;
                info.CallbackId = RegisterWindowMessage("AppBarMessage");
                abd.uCallbackMessage = info.CallbackId;

                uint ret = SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_NEW, ref abd);

                HwndSource source = HwndSource.FromHwnd(abd.hWnd);
                source.AddHook(new HwndSourceHook(info.WndProc));
            }

            appbarWindow.WindowStyle = WindowStyle.None;
            appbarWindow.ResizeMode = ResizeMode.NoResize;
            appbarWindow.Topmost = true;

            ABSetPos(info.Edge, appbarWindow);
        }

        private delegate void ResizeDelegate(Window appbarWindow, Rect rect);
        private static void DoResize(Window appbarWindow, Rect rect)
        {
            appbarWindow.Width = rect.Width;
            appbarWindow.Height = rect.Height;
            appbarWindow.Top = rect.Top;
            appbarWindow.Left = rect.Left;
        }

        private static void GetActualScreenData(ABEdge Edge, Window appbarWindow, ref int leftOffset, ref int topOffset, ref int actualScreenWidth, ref int actualScreenHeight)
        {
            IntPtr handle = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;
            IntPtr monitorHandle = MonitorFromWindow(handle, MONITOR_DEFAULTTONEAREST);

            MONITORINFO mi = new MONITORINFO();
            mi.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(mi);

            if (GetMonitorInfo(monitorHandle, ref mi))
            {
                if (mi.dwFlags == MONITORINFOF_PRIMARY)
                {
                    return;
                }
                leftOffset = mi.rcWork.left;
                topOffset = mi.rcWork.top;
                actualScreenWidth = mi.rcWork.right - leftOffset;
                actualScreenHeight = mi.rcWork.bottom - mi.rcWork.top;
            }
        }

        private static void ABSetPos(ABEdge Edge, Window appbarWindow)
        {
            APPBARDATA barData = new APPBARDATA();
            barData.cbSize = Marshal.SizeOf(barData);
            barData.hWnd = new WindowInteropHelper(appbarWindow).Handle;
            barData.uEdge = (int)Edge;

            int leftOffset = 0;
            int topOffset = 0;
            int actualScreenWidth = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenWidth;
            int actualScreenHeight = (int)SystemParameters.PrimaryScreenHeight;

            GetActualScreenData(Edge, appbarWindow, ref leftOffset, ref topOffset, ref actualScreenWidth, ref actualScreenHeight);

            if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Left || barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Right)
            {
                barData.rc.top = topOffset;
                barData.rc.bottom = actualScreenHeight;
                if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Left)
                {
                    barData.rc.left = leftOffset;
                    barData.rc.right = (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth) + leftOffset;
                }
                else
                {
                    barData.rc.right = actualScreenWidth + leftOffset;
                    barData.rc.left = barData.rc.right - (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualWidth);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                barData.rc.left = leftOffset;
                barData.rc.right = actualScreenWidth + leftOffset;
                if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Top)
                {
                    barData.rc.top = topOffset;
                    barData.rc.bottom = (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight) + topOffset;
                }
                else
                {
                    barData.rc.bottom = actualScreenHeight + topOffset;
                    barData.rc.top = barData.rc.bottom - (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);
                }
            }

            SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_QUERYPOS, ref barData);
            SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_SETPOS, ref barData);

            Rect rect = new Rect((double)barData.rc.left, (double)barData.rc.top,
                (double)(barData.rc.right - barData.rc.left), (double)(barData.rc.bottom - barData.rc.top));
            //This is done async, because WPF will send a resize after a new appbar is added.  
            //if we size right away, WPFs resize comes last and overrides us.
            appbarWindow.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(DispatcherPriority.ApplicationIdle,
                new ResizeDelegate(DoResize), appbarWindow, rect);
        }
    }
}
4
Miky Jadro

Há um excelente artigo do MSDN de 1996 que é divertido: Estenda o Windows 95 Shell com as barras de ferramentas da área de trabalho de aplicativos . Seguir suas orientações produz uma barra de aplicativos baseada em WPF, que lida com vários cenários que as outras respostas nesta página não:

  • Permitir encaixe em qualquer lado da tela
  • Permitir encaixe em um monitor específico
  • Permitir redimensionamento da barra de aplicativos (se desejado)
  • Lidar com alterações no layout da tela e monitorar desconexões
  • Lidar com Win + Shift + Left e tenta minimizar ou mover a janela
  • Lidar com a cooperação com outras barras de aplicativos (OneNote et al.)
  • Manipular a escala de DPI por monitor

Eu tenho um aplicativo de demonstração e a implementação de AppBarWindow no GitHub .

Exemplo de uso:

<apb:AppBarWindow x:Class="WpfAppBarDemo.MainWindow" xmlns="http://schemas.Microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" xmlns:x="http://schemas.Microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:apb="clr-namespace:WpfAppBar;Assembly=WpfAppBar"
    DataContext="{Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource Self}}" Title="MainWindow" 
    DockedWidthOrHeight="200" MinHeight="100" MinWidth="100">
    <Grid>
        <Button x:Name="btClose" Content="Close" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="75" Height="23" Margin="10,10,0,0" Click="btClose_Click"/>
        <ComboBox x:Name="cbMonitor" SelectedItem="{Binding Path=Monitor, Mode=TwoWay}" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="120" Margin="10,38,0,0"/>
        <ComboBox x:Name="cbEdge" SelectedItem="{Binding Path=DockMode, Mode=TwoWay}" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="10,65,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="120"/>

        <Thumb Width="5" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Background="Gray" x:Name="rzThumb" Cursor="SizeWE" DragCompleted="rzThumb_DragCompleted" />
    </Grid>
</apb:AppBarWindow>

Código por trás:

public partial class MainWindow
{
    public MainWindow()
    {
        InitializeComponent();

        this.cbEdge.ItemsSource = new[]
        {
            AppBarDockMode.Left,
            AppBarDockMode.Right,
            AppBarDockMode.Top,
            AppBarDockMode.Bottom
        };
        this.cbMonitor.ItemsSource = MonitorInfo.GetAllMonitors();
    }

    private void btClose_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    {
        Close();
    }

    private void rzThumb_DragCompleted(object sender, DragCompletedEventArgs e)
    {
        this.DockedWidthOrHeight += (int)(e.HorizontalChange / VisualTreeHelper.GetDpi(this).PixelsPerDip);
    }
}

Alterando a posição ancorada:

AppBar docked to edges

Redimensionando com o polegar:

Resize

Cooperação com outras barras de aplicativos:

Coordination

Clone do GitHub se você quiser usá-lo. A biblioteca em si tem apenas três arquivos e pode ser facilmente descartada em um projeto.

3
Mitch

Muito feliz por ter encontrado esta pergunta. A aula acima é realmente útil, mas não cobre todas as bases da implementação do AppBar.

Para implementar totalmente todo o comportamento de um AppBar (lidar com aplicativos em tela cheia etc.), você também vai querer ler este artigo do MSDN.

http://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb776821.aspx

3
Shuft

Passei algumas semanas explorando esse desafio e finalmente criei um pacote NuGet muito sólido, fornecendo essa funcionalidade de maneira muito amigável. Simplesmente crie um novo aplicativo WPF e altere a classe da janela principal de Window para DockWindow (no XAML) e pronto!

Obtenha o pacote aqui e consulte o repositório Git para um aplicativo de demonstração.

1
Hugh

Como alternativa comercial, consulte o componente pronto para uso ShellAppBar para WPF, que suporta todos os casos e cenários, como a barra de tarefas ancorada na borda esquerda, direita, superior e inferior, suporte para vários monitores, arrastar e arrastar. encaixe, ocultação automática, etc. etc. Isso pode economizar tempo e dinheiro ao tentar lidar com todos esses casos.

isenção de responsabilidade [~ # ~] [~ # ~] : Trabalho para o LogicNP Software, o desenvolvedor do ShellAppBar.

1
logicnp

Desculpe, o último código que publiquei não funcionou quando a barra de tarefas foi redimensionada. A seguinte alteração de código parece funcionar melhor:

  SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_QUERYPOS, ref barData);

  if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Top)
    barData.rc.bottom = barData.rc.top + (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);
  else if (barData.uEdge == (int)ABEdge.Bottom)
    barData.rc.top = barData.rc.bottom - (int)Math.Round(appbarWindow.ActualHeight);

  SHAppBarMessage((int)ABMsg.ABM_SETPOS, ref barData);
1
Anonymous