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Como obter URL direto para vídeos do youtube

Todos os tutoriais atuais sobre como criar o seu próprio youtube video downloader estão desatualizados. Toda a inserção do token das informações do vídeo não funciona, nem o método javascript. Alguém sabe uma maneira de fazer isso atualmente sem apenas baixar os programas de outra pessoa? Eu só quero saber o método a seguir para que eu possa programar o meu (por diversão: D)

Desde já, obrigado!

15
Feng Huo

Hoje em dia 15/06/2012 é realmente simples; mas você deve estar atento a mudanças futuras. Aqui está (em Javascript)

try{
    var urls = document.body.innerHTML.match(/"url_encoded_fmt_stream_map": "url=([^"]+)/)[1]
    urls = decodeURIComponent(urls).replace(/\\u0026/g,'&')
    urls = urls.replace(/&quality.+?(?=,url)/g,'');;
    urls = urls.split(',url=')
    // urls is an array of all the possible qualities
    // To download one you could use something like:
    // document.location = urls[0]
    // The first one is usually in the highest quality available
} catch(e){
    console.error("Youtube may have changed its API")
}
18
Ivan Castellanos

A partir de 01/01/2018, a técnica antiga descrita abaixo não parece funcionar de maneira confiável. A estrutura variável in-page do YouTube parece ter mudado e eu não consegui descobrir a versão atualizada.

Aqui está uma versão atualizada (junho de 2017) que funciona diretamente no console de ferramentas de desenvolvimento, disponível em qualquer navegador. Atualmente, deve funcionar para qualquer tipo de mídia do YouTube, incluindo até 4k, se disponível.

https://Gist.github.com/geuis/8b1b2ea57d7f9a9ae22f80d4fbf5b97f

// ES6 version
const videoUrls = ytplayer.config.args.adaptive_fmts
  .split(',')
  .map(item => item
    .split('&')
    .reduce((prev, curr) => (curr = curr.split('='),
      Object.assign(prev, {[curr[0]]: decodeURIComponent(curr[1])})
    ), {})
  )
  .reduce((prev, curr) => Object.assign(prev, {
    [curr.quality_label || curr.type]: curr
  }), {});

console.log(videoUrls);

// ES5 version
var videoUrls = ytplayer.config.args.adaptive_fmts
  .split(',')
  .map(function (item) {
    return item
      .split('&')
      .reduce(function (prev, curr) {
        curr = curr.split('=');
        return Object.assign(prev, {[curr[0]]: decodeURIComponent(curr[1])})
      }, {});
  })
  .reduce(function (prev, curr) {
    return Object.assign(prev, {
      [curr.quality_label || curr.type]: curr
    });
  }, {});

console.log(videoUrls);

Exemplo de saída para https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bZkp7q19f

{
  "1080p": {
    "itag": "248",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215955569849",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=248&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "video/webm;+codecs=\"vp9\"",
    "bitrate": "1733724",
    "index": "243-1977",
    "size": "1920x1080",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "fps": "30",
    "clen": "31192903",
    "init": "0-242",
    "quality_label": "1080p"
  },
  "720p": {
    "itag": "247",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215905109639",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=247&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "video/webm;+codecs=\"vp9\"",
    "bitrate": "726076",
    "index": "243-1933",
    "size": "1280x720",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "fps": "30",
    "clen": "15801933",
    "init": "0-242",
    "quality_label": "720p"
  },
  "480p": {
    "itag": "244",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215890236689",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=244&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "video/webm;+codecs=\"vp9\"",
    "bitrate": "396541",
    "index": "243-1933",
    "size": "854x480",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "fps": "30",
    "clen": "7928237",
    "init": "0-242",
    "quality_label": "480p"
  },
  "360p": {
    "itag": "243",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215888783441",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=243&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "video/webm;+codecs=\"vp9\"",
    "bitrate": "223695",
    "index": "243-1933",
    "size": "640x360",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "fps": "30",
    "clen": "5127362",
    "init": "0-242",
    "quality_label": "360p"
  },
  "240p": {
    "itag": "242",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215900971640",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=242&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "video/webm;+codecs=\"vp9\"",
    "bitrate": "113952",
    "index": "242-1931",
    "size": "426x240",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "fps": "30",
    "clen": "2597162",
    "init": "0-241",
    "quality_label": "240p"
  },
  "144p": {
    "itag": "278",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215900119192",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=278&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "video/webm;+codecs=\"vp9\"",
    "bitrate": "60303",
    "index": "242-1930",
    "size": "256x144",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "fps": "15",
    "clen": "1798744",
    "init": "0-241",
    "quality_label": "144p"
  },
  "audio/mp4;+codecs=\"mp4a.40.2\"": {
    "bitrate": "128266",
    "itag": "140",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440578358539132",
    "index": "592-1271",
    "clen": "8482615",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=140&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "audio/mp4;+codecs=\"mp4a.40.2\"",
    "init": "0-591"
  },
  "audio/webm;+codecs=\"vorbis\"": {
    "bitrate": "118499",
    "itag": "171",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215938192462",
    "index": "4452-5366",
    "clen": "6383456",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=171&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "audio/webm;+codecs=\"vorbis\"",
    "init": "0-4451"
  },
  "audio/webm;+codecs=\"opus\"": {
    "bitrate": "154966",
    "itag": "251",
    "xtags": "",
    "lmt": "1440215889283443",
    "index": "272-1186",
    "clen": "9526605",
    "projection_type": "1",
    "url": "https://r16---sn-n4v7kn7r.c.youtube.com/videoplayback?itag=251&keepalive=ye…2Cmm%2Cmn%2Cms%2Cmv%2Cpl%2Crequiressl%2Csc%2Csource%2Cexpire&mt=1498245944",
    "type": "audio/webm;+codecs=\"opus\"",
    "init": "0-271"
  }
}
41
Geuis

Por que você quer reinventar a roda? use o script Rapidleech!

Aliás, se você ainda precisa reinventar a roda, aqui está o código-fonte do plug-in do YouTube do Rapidleech (é altamente legível:


class youtube_com extends DownloadClass {

    /*
    Some blah blah about the age verification and erroneous URLs
    $fmt is quality/format number and is an integer
   */
    public function Download($link) {
        $this->fmts = array(38,37,22,45,35,44,34,43,18,5,17);
        $yt_fmt = empty($_REQUEST['yt_fmt']) ? '' : $_REQUEST['yt_fmt'];
        $this->fmturlmaps = $this->GetVideosArr($fmt_url_maps);

        if (empty($yt_fmt) && !isset($_GET["audl"])) return $this->QSelector($link);
        elseif (isset($_REQUEST['ytube_mp4']) && $_REQUEST['ytube_mp4'] == 'on' && !empty($yt_fmt)) {
            //look for and download the highest quality we can find?
            if ($yt_fmt == 'highest') {
                foreach ($this->fmts as $fmt) {
                    if (array_key_exists($fmt, $this->fmturlmaps)) {
                        $furl = $this->fmturlmaps[$fmt];
                        break;
                    }
                }
            } else { //get the format the user specified (making sure it actually exists)
                if (!$furl = $this->fmturlmaps[$yt_fmt]) html_error ('Specified video format not found');
                $fmt = $yt_fmt;
            }
        } else { //just get the one Youtube plays by default (in some cases it could also be the highest quality format)
            $fmt = key($this->fmturlmaps);
            $furl = $this->fmturlmaps[$fmt];
        }

        if (preg_match ('%^5|34|35$%', $fmt)) $ext = '.flv';
        elseif (preg_match ('%^17$%', $fmt)) $ext = '.3gp';
        elseif (preg_match ('%^18|22|37|38$%', $fmt)) $ext = '.mp4';
        elseif (preg_match ('%^43|44|45$%', $fmt)) $ext = '.webm';
        else $ext = '.flv';

        if (!preg_match('#<title>(.*)\s+-\sYouTube[\r|\n|\t|\s]*</title>#Us', $this->page, $title)) html_error('No video title found! Download halted.');
        if (!preg_match ('/video_id=(.+?)(\\\|"|&|(\\\u0026))/', $this->page, $video_id)) html_error('Video id not found.');

        $FileName = str_replace (Array ("\\", "/", ":", "*", "?", "\"", "<", ">", "|"), "_", html_entity_decode(trim($title[1]), ENT_QUOTES)) . "-[{$video_id[1]}][f$fmt]$ext";

        if (stristr($furl, '|')) {
            $u_arr = explode('|', $furl);
            $furl = preg_replace('#://([^/]+)#', "://".$u_arr[2], $u_arr[0]);
        }
        if (isset($_REQUEST['ytdirect']) && $_REQUEST['ytdirect'] == 'on')
        {
            echo "<br /><br /><h4><a style='color:yellow' href='" . urldecode($furl) . "'>Click here or copy the link to your download manager to download</a></h4>";
            echo "<input name='dlurl' style='width: 1000px; border: 1px solid #55AAFF; background-color: #FFFFFF; padding:3px' value='" . urldecode($furl) . "' onclick='javascript:this.select();' readonly></input>";
        }
        else
        {
            $this->RedirectDownload (urldecode($furl), $FileName, $this->cookie, 0, 0, $FileName);
        }
    }
1
Sepehr